rating, engine room
ratings, crew members, petty officer, boatswain, bosun, ab, os, able bodies
seaman, ordinary seaman, oiler, greaser, crew, mechanic, carpenter, pumpman,
seafarer, safe manning document, flag administration, duties, watchkeeping,
watch keeping, ship, mechanic, fitter, carpenter, pumpman, chief steward,
Caribbean Cruise - An Enchanting Experience
Cruise Job 1
Cruise Job 2
Cruise Job 3
A ship is run by dedicated seafarers who follows a system
of chain of command. Each individual working onboard a
ship has specific duties and are qualified for certain
As specified by the Safe Manning Document issued by the
flag administrations, there should be a specific number of
watch-keeping ratings on board to support the operation of
Below are some typical duties of the rating crew
members on board a cargo ship. Shipping companies may
differ in assigning some of the duties specifically to
their ratings, but generally the duties are quite similar.
Bosun: Petty officer or head of the deck
ratings. Overall in charge of maintenance of the deck
structures including chipping, painting, greasing. Carry
out functions like anchoring, preparing gangway, hatch
covers, lifeboat, splicing ropes. Stand on navigation
watch if needed. Usually qualified as watch-keeping
AB or Able Bodies Seaman: Stand on
navigation watch. Gangway or patrol watch in port. Usually
qualified as watch-keeping rating.
OS or Ordinary Seaman: Assist as needed.
Pumpman: Only found on tankers. They assist in
cargo operations on tankers.
Carpenter: Not very common nowadays. Assist in
maintenance of the ship.
Oiler: Usually head of the engine ratings.
Assist engineers in maintenance and operation. Usually
qualified as watch-keeping engine rating.
Greaser: Assist engineers in maintenance and
Fitter: Assist engineers to repair, maintain
equipment. Not very common on ships nowadays.
Chief Steward: In charge of catering: food
provisions, cooking, bedding, toilets, housekeeping of
Steward: Housekeeping, meal service.
Chief Cook: In charge of cooking, provisions
2nd Cook: Assist as needed in the galley.