risks, accidents, contractor, construction, project, training, supervisor,
procedures, safety, prevention plan, manager, hazard, helmet, permit
Managing Risks - How to Avoid Accidents? At Shipyards?
By: Thomas Yoon
One of the best techniques of preventing accidents at a large
project site is to let the contractor supervisors ponder over
the jobs to be done and then putting them down in writing.
It's a common fact that workers coming together in a large
construction project have different levels of experience and
training. The key persons for preventing accidents are the
By getting the supervisors to put their work steps and
procedures in writing, safety personnel can use this method
to reduce incidents of workers taking shortcuts in safety.
The way to do this is to have a form for the supervisors to
fill. This is called the site incident prevention plan or SIPP.
It's just a form that informs the safety officers their work
plan. A good description of the work plan will include the
In this work plan, the supervisor will indicate his name, the
location of his work, the company name, and the work to be done.
Depending on the complexity of the form, he might include a site
map with the location of his work clearly marked out.
- A sequence of work that starts with informing the project
manager or supervisor before starting work. The work will then
have a description of the potential hazard if this was not
carried out. Having made aware of the potential hazard, the
person writing the work plan will also write down the
countermeasures that he will take to eliminate the hazard. An
example of this control measure will be seeking approval from
the safety officer and conducting tool box meeting with the
workers before starting work.
- The next sequence will most likely be mobilization of tools
and materials to the work site. The potential hazard could be
personal injury or messing up of the work area. To reduce the
hazard, the supervisor may require his workers to wear
gears like helmet and safety shoes.
- The job itself will also be stated in the work plan.
Depending on the location, the potential hazard could be
personal injury, falling from height, or possibly causing a
fire. So the supervisor will have to state all the control
measures that he will have to take. An example could be for
the workers to wear personal protective equipment, in this case,
safety harness to prevent falling from heights. Applying for hot
work permit could be another control measure.
The hot work permit itself is a separate form to be filled. This
is applicable for hot work that can possibly cause a fire at the
site. The hot work permit may require the applicant to make
ready fire extinguishers, remove combustibles, use torches and
burning equipment that are in good working order, etc...
There may be other control measures to be taken. It depends on
the job. One control measure might require that workers do not
step on the existing piping. Another control measure might be to
- The last item in the SIPP could be housekeeping after the
completion of the work. The potential hazard could be fire or
tripping hazard. The control measure - cleaning up, removal of
debris from the site and sweeping the floor after work
When supervisors make the effort to submit this SIPP work plan
one day before the execution of the work, they are able to
control the work hazards to prevent accidents. It all happens
when thoughts are put into writing.
Many years of working experience in Marine, Facilities,
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M & E Engineer