waves, sea, ocean, strong wind, typhoon,

Huge waves are normal during the course of a voyage especially during winter

Foreign-going ships travel on any ocean in the world and in all kinds of weather. The weather is especially bad during the winter months. Modern ships are made of steel, and they depend on the integrity of the watertight compartments in order to float. If there is a puncture in the hull or on the deck, flooding will take place. Depending on how badly the flooding occurred, the ship might eventually sink.

Cadets practicing lifeboat rowing.

Cadets practicing lifeboat rowing.

At college, the student for a Marine Engineering Course will go through training in the handling of the lifeboat. This gives him the confidence if later on he unfortunately has to abandon ship.

Cadets practicing rowing of lifeboats. Nowadays, the lifeboats are driven by propeller powered by engines.

Cadets practicing rowing of lifeboats. Nowadays, the lifeboats are driven by propeller powered by engines.

Training on calm waters is a good start for the beginner. When he has gathered sufficient skills, rough water might be tried. It is also good to learn how to swim. In the real life situation, the ship may sink in the middle of a large ocean perhaps 2000 miles from the nearest land. It is not possible to swim to shore.

Fire Suit to protect against the intense heat from a fire

Fire Suit to protect against the intense heat from a fire

Fire can also occur because the ship is powered by combustion of fuel. Leakage’s of fuel, overheating of machinery; accidental ignition of combustion gas and many causes can cause fire on board. If a fire occur, it must be put off immediately and prevented from spreading. Failure to extinguish a small fire will lead to the whole ship being on fire. There is no escape if the whole ship is on fire. Evacuation to the safety of lifeboats and abandoning ship is the only choice. All competent seamen must be able to fight fires. If needed, first aid has to be applied to injured persons.