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Chris Farrington: Able Seaman
"If you vas in der old country ships, a liddle shaver like you vood pe only der
boy, und you vood wait on der able seamen. Und ven der able seaman sing out,
'Boy, der water-jug!' you vood jump quick, like a shot, und bring der water-jug.
Und ven der able seaman sing out, 'Boy, my boots!' you vood get der boots. Und
you vood pe politeful, und say 'Yessir' und 'No sir.' But you pe in der American
ship, and you t'ink you are so good as der able seamen.
Chris, mine boy, I haf
ben a sailorman for twenty-two years, und do you t'ink you are so good as me? I
vas a sailorman pefore you vas borned, und I knot und reef und splice ven you
play mit topstrings und fly kites."
"But you are unfair, Emil!" cried Chris Farrington, his sensitive face flushed
and hurt. He was a slender though strongly built young fellow of seventeen, with
Yankee ancestry writ large all over him.
"Dere you go vonce again!" the Swedish sailor exploded. "My name is Mister
Johansen, und a kid of a boy like you call me 'Emil!' It vas insulting, und
comes pecause of der American ship!"
"But you call me 'Chris'!" the boy expostulated, reproachfully.
"But you vas a boy."
"Who does a man's work," Chris retorted. "And because I do a man's work I have
as much right to call you by your first name as you me. We are all equals in
this fo'castle, and you know it. When we signed for the voyage in San Francisco,
we signed as sailors on the Sophie Sutherland and there was no difference made
with any of us. Haven't I always done my work? Did I ever shirk? Did you or any
other man ever have to take a wheel for me? Or a lookout? Or go aloft?"
"Chris is right," interrupted a young English sailor. "No man has had to do a
tap of his work yet. He signed as good as any of us and he's shown himself as
"Better!" broke in a Novia Scotia man. "Better than some of us! When we struck
the sealing-grounds he turned out to be next to the best boat-steerer aboard.
Only French Louis, who'd been at it for years, could beat him. I'm only a
boat-puller, and you're only a boat-puller, too, Emil Johansen, for all your
twenty-two years at sea. Why don't you become a boat-steerer?"
"Too clumsy," laughed the Englishman, "and too slow."
"Little that counts, one way or the other," joined in Dane Jurgensen, coming to
the aid of his Scandinavian brother. "Emil is a man grown and an able seaman;
the boy is neither."
And so the argument raged back and forth, the Swedes, Norwegians and Danes,
because of race kinship, taking the part of Johansen, and the English, Canadians
and Americans taking the part of Chris. From an unprejudiced point of view, the
right was on the side of Chris. As he had truly said, he did a man's work, and
the same work that any of them did. But they were prejudiced, and badly so, and
out of the words which passed rose a standing quarrel which divided the
forecastle into two parties.
The Sophie Sutherland was a seal-hunter, registered out of San Francisco, and
engaged in hunting the furry sea-animals along the Japanese coast north to
Bering Sea. The other vessels were two-masted schooners, but she was a
three-master and the largest in the fleet. In fact, she was a full-rigged,
three-topmast schooner, newly built.
Although Chris Farrington knew that justice was with him, and that he performed
all his work faithfully and well, many a time, in secret thought, he longed for
some pressing emergency to arise whereby he could demonstrate to the
Scandinavian seamen that he also was an able seaman.
But one stormy night, by an accident for which he was in nowise accountable, in
overhauling a spare anchor-chain he had all the fingers of his left hand badly
crushed. And his hopes were likewise crushed, for it was impossible for him to
continue hunting with the boats, and he was forced to stay idly aboard until his
fingers should heal. Yet, although he little dreamed it, this very accident was
to give him the long-looked-for-opportunity.
One afternoon in the latter part of May the Sophie Sutherland rolled sluggishly
in a breathless calm. The seals were abundant, the hunting good, and the boats
were all away and out of sight. And with them was almost every man of the crew.
Besides Chris, there remained only the captain, the sailing-master and the
The captain was captain only by courtesy. He was an old man, past eighty, and
blissfully ignorant of the sea and its ways; but he was the owner of the vessel,
and hence the honorable title. Of course the sailing-master, who was really
captain, was a thorough-going seaman. The mate, whose post was aboard, was out
with the boats, having temporarily taken Chris's place as boat-steerer.
When good weather and good sport came together, the boats were accustomed to
range far and wide, and often did not return to the schooner until long after
dark. But for all that it was a perfect hunting day, Chris noted a growing
anxiety on the part of the sailing-master. He paced the deck nervously, and was
constantly sweeping the horizon with his marine glasses. Not a boat was in
sight. As sunset arrived, he even sent Chris aloft to the mizzen-topmast-head,
but with no better luck. The boats could not possibly be back before midnight.
Since noon the barometer had been falling with startling rapidity, and all the
signs were ripe for a great storm—how great, not even the sailing-master
anticipated. He and Chris set to work to prepare for it. They put storm gaskets
on the furled topsails, lowered and stowed the foresail and spanker and took in
the two inner jibs. In the one remaining jib they put a single reef, and a
single reef in the mainsail.
Night had fallen before they finished, and with the darkness came the storm. A
low moan swept over the sea, and the wind struck the Sophie Sutherland flat. But
she righted quickly, and with the sailing-master at the wheel, sheered her bow
into within five points of the wind. Working as well as he could with his
bandaged hand, and with the feeble aid of the Chinese cook, Chris went forward
and backed the jib over to the weather side. This with the flat mainsail, left
the schooner hove to.
"God help the boats! It's no gale! It's a typhoon!" the sailing-master shouted
to Chris at eleven o'clock. "Too much canvas! Got to get two more reefs into the
mainsail, and got to do it right away!" He glanced at the old captain, shivering
in oilskins at the binnacle and holding on for dear life. "There's only you and
I, Chris—and the cook; but he's next to worthless!"
In order to make the reef, it was necessary to lower the mainsail, and the
removal of this after pressure was bound to make the schooner fall off before
the wind and sea because of the forward pressure of the jib.
"Take the wheel!" the sailing-master directed. "And when I give the word, hard
up with it! And when she's square before it, steady her! And keep her there!
We'll heave to again as soon as I get the reefs in!"
Gripping the kicking spokes, Chris watched him and the reluctant cook go forward
into the howling darkness. The Sophie Sutherland was plunging into the huge
head-seas and wallowing tremendously, the tense steel stays and taut rigging
humming like harp-strings to the wind. A buffeted cry came to his ears, and he
felt the schooner's bow paying off of its own accord. The mainsail was down!
He ran the wheel hard-over and kept anxious track of the changing direction of
the wind on his face and of the heave of the vessel. This was the crucial
moment. In performing the evolution she would have to pass broadside to the
surge before she could get before it. The wind was blowing directly on his right
cheek, when he felt the Sophie Sutherland lean over and begin to rise toward the
sky—up—up—an infinite distance! Would she clear the crest of the gigantic wave?
Again by the feel of it, for he could see nothing, he knew that a wall of water
was rearing and curving far above him along the whole weather side. There was an
instant's calm as the liquid wall intervened and shut off the wind. The schooner
righted, and for that instant seemed at perfect rest. Then she rolled to meet
the descending rush.
Chris shouted to the captain to hold tight, and prepared himself for the shock.
But the man did not live who could face it. An ocean of water smote Chris's back
and his clutch on the spokes was loosened as if it were a baby's. Stunned,
powerless, like a straw on the face of a torrent, he was swept onward he knew
not whither. Missing the corner of the cabin, he was dashed forward along the
poop runway a hundred feet or more, striking violently against the foot of the
foremast. A second wave, crushing inboard, hurled him back the way he had come,
and left him half-drowned where the poop steps should have been.
Bruised and bleeding, dimly conscious, he felt for the rail and dragged himself
to his feet. Unless something could be done, he knew the last moment had come.
As he faced the poop, the wind drove into his mouth with suffocating force. This
brought him back to his senses with a start. The wind was blowing from dead aft!
The schooner was out of the trough and before it! But the send of the sea was
bound to breach her to again. Crawling up the runway, he managed to get to the
wheel just in time to prevent this. The binnacle light was still burning. They
That is, he and the schooner were safe. As to the welfare of his three
companions he could not say. Nor did he dare leave the wheel in order to find
out, for it took every second of his undivided attention to keep the vessel to
her course. The least fraction of carelessness and the heave of the sea under
the quarter was liable to thrust her into the trough. So, a boy of one hundred
and forty pounds, he clung to his herculean task of guiding the two hundred
straining tons of fabric amid the chaos of the great storm forces.
Half an hour later, groaning and sobbing, the captain crawled to Chris's feet.
All was lost, he whimpered. He was smitten unto death. The galley had gone by
the board, the mainsail and running-gear, the cook, every thing!
"Where's the sailing-master?" Chris demanded when he had caught his breath after
steadying a wild lurch of the schooner. It was no child's play to steer a vessel
under single reefed jib before a typhoon.
"Clean up for'ard," the old man replied "Jammed under the fo'c'sle-head, but
still breathing. Both his arms are broken, he says and he doesn't know how many
ribs. He's hurt bad."
"Well, he'll drown there the way she's shipping water through the hawse-pipes.
Go for'ard!" Chris commanded, taking charge of things as a matter of course.
"Tell him not to worry; that I'm at the wheel. Help him as much as you can, and
make him help"—he stopped and ran the spokes to starboard as a tremendous billow
rose under the stern and yawed the schooner to port—"and make him help himself
for the rest. Unship the fo'castle hatch and get him down into a bunk. Then ship
the hatch again."
The captain turned his aged face forward and wavered pitifully. The waist of the
ship was full of water to the bulwarks. He had just come through it, and knew
death lurked every inch of the way.
"Go!" Chris shouted, fiercely. And as the fear-stricken man started, "And take
another look for the cook!"
Two hours later, almost dead from suffering, the captain returned. He had obeyed
orders. The sailing-master was helpless, although safe in a bunk; the cook was
gone. Chris sent the captain below to the cabin to change his clothes.
After interminable hours of toil day broke cold and gray. Chris looked about
him. The Sophie Sutherland was racing before the typhoon like a thing possessed.
There was no rain, but the wind whipped the spray of the sea mast-high,
obscuring everything except in the immediate neighborhood.
Two waves only could Chris see at a time—the one before and the one behind. So
small and insignificant the schooner seemed on the long Pacific roll! Rushing up
a maddening mountain, she would poise like a cockle-shell on the giddy summit,
breathless and rolling, leap outward and down into the yawning chasm beneath,
and bury herself in the smother of foam at the bottom. Then the recovery,
another mountain, another sickening upward rush, another poise, and the downward
crash. Abreast of him, to starboard, like a ghost of the storm, Chris saw the
cook dashing apace with the schooner. Evidently, when washed overboard, he had
grasped and become entangled in a trailing halyard.
For three hours more, alone with this gruesome companion, Chris held the Sophie
Sutherland before the wind and sea. He had long since forgotten his mangled
fingers. The bandages had been torn away, and the cold, salt spray had eaten
into the half-healed wounds until they were numb and no longer pained. But he
was not cold. The terrific labor of steering forced the perspiration from every
pore. Yet he was faint and weak with hunger and exhaustion, and hailed with
delight the advent on deck of the captain, who fed him all of a pound of
cake-chocolate. It strengthened him at once.
He ordered the captain to cut the halyard by which the cook's body was towing,
and also to go forward and cut loose the jib-halyard and sheet. When he had done
so, the jib fluttered a couple of moments like a handkerchief, then tore out of
the bolt-ropes and vanished. The Sophie Sutherland was running under bare poles.
By noon the storm had spent itself, and by six in the evening the waves had died
down sufficiently to let Chris leave the helm. It was almost hopeless to dream
of the small boats weathering the typhoon, but there is always the chance in
saving human life, and Chris at once applied himself to going back over the
course along which he had fled. He managed to get a reef in one of the inner
jibs and two reefs in the spanker, and then, with the aid of the watch-tackle,
to hoist them to the stiff breeze that yet blew. And all through the night,
tacking back and forth on the back track, he shook out canvas as fast as the
wind would permit.
The injured sailing-master had turned delirious and between tending him and
lending a hand with the ship, Chris kept the captain busy. "Taught me more
seamanship," as he afterward said, "than I'd learned on the whole voyage." But
by daybreak the old man's feeble frame succumbed, and he fell off into exhausted
sleep on the weather poop.
Chris, who could now lash the wheel, covered the tired man with blankets from
below, and went fishing in the lazaretto for something to eat. But by the day
following he found himself forced to give in, drowsing fitfully by the wheel and
waking ever and anon to take a look at things.
On the afternoon of the third day he picked up a schooner, dismasted and
battered. As he approached, close-hauled on the wind, he saw her decks crowded
by an unusually large crew, and on sailing in closer, made out among others the
faces of his missing comrades. And he was just in the nick of time, for they
were fighting a losing fight at the pumps. An hour later they, with the crew of
the sinking craft were aboard the Sophie Sutherland.
Having wandered so far from their own vessel, they had taken refuge on the
strange schooner just before the storm broke. She was a Canadian sealer on her
first voyage, and as was now apparent, her last.
The captain of the Sophie Sutherland had a story to tell, also, and he told it
well—so well, in fact, that when all hands were gathered together on deck during
the dog-watch, Emil Johansen strode over to Chris and gripped him by the hand.
"Chris," he said, so loudly that all could hear, "Chris, I gif in. You vas yoost
so good a sailorman as I. You vas a bully boy und able seaman, und I pe proud
"Und Chris!" He turned as if he had forgotten something, and called back, "From dis time always you call me 'Emil' mitout der 'Mister'!"
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